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What is Information security?

information security

Information security is becoming one of the most important assets of the 21st century, Nowadays it takes lots of effort to make information safe and secure.

In this article, we will explain to you some pieces of stuff about information protection like its definition, principals, policies, etc.

Information Security Definition

Information security means that the security of our data from unauthorized access, basically it is the practice of preventing data from unwanted, unauthorized, illegal, unlicensed access. It is utilized to preserve data from being mistreated, disclosure, destruction, modification, and disruption. Information can be physical or electronic.

Information security can also be called (InfoSec).

Information security Vs Cybersecurity

Information security and cybersecurity are associated with protection but both cover several objectives and scopes with some overlap. Information security is based on protection,  covering cryptography, mobile computing, and social media.

Whereas cybersecurity is based on reaching Internet-based threats and digital data. Additionally, cybersecurity presents coverage for fresh, unknown data while information security does not.

Information SecurityCybersecurity
It deals with the protection of data and information.It all about protects from cyber attacks.
It strives against unauthorized access, disclosure modification, and disruption.Cybersecurity strikes against Cybercrimes, cyber frauds, and law enforcement.
It deals with information Assets and integrity confidentiality and availability.It deals with threats that may or may not exist in the cyber realm such as protecting your social media account, personal information, etc.

Information security principles

The principles of information protection are based on the CIA that is confidentiality, integrity, and availability.

Confidentiality:-

We can easily understand this thing by its name(confidentiality) which means that only confidential persons are allowed to access the data. It is one of the basic elements of information protection. To ensure confidentiality one needs to use all the techniques designed for security like a strong password or network security key, encryption, authentication, and defense against penetration attacks.

Integrity:-

Integrity means to prevent our data for unwanted changes or maintaining data in its correct state,  either accidentally or maliciously. There are many techniques where we can prevent our data to been modified and there are some tools also which can able to protect data integrity.

Availability:-

The term availability is somehow related to confidentiality where we make sure that your data is not accessible by unauthorized persons but authorized persons can easily access it.

Availability in information protection involves balancing network and computing resources to compute data entrance and implement a more suitable policy for emergency recovery purposes.

Information security policies

An information protection policy is a document that an activity draws up, based on its particular requirements and peculiarities. It helps to authenticate what data to preserve and in what methods. These policies guide an organization through decision making about procuring cybersecurity tools. It also mandates employee performance and trust.

  • A statement describing the purpose of the infosec program and your overall objectives
  • Definitions of key terms used in the document to ensure shared understanding
  • An access control policy, determining who has access to what data and how they can establish their rights
  • password policy
  • It must include the employee’s roles and responsibilities to safeguard data.