Top 10 programming languages

If you want to become the software developer but there is a question that always comes to your mind like what programming language is best for you. There are lots of programming languages in the world, but only a few are very useful for us.

So, here are top programming languages that are useful to you too became a software developer.

1.Java

Java is programming language that invented in 1996 by James Gosling.

Mostly usage

java is mostly used for developing android apps, web apps, and is also among the most favored for the development of edge devices and the internet of things.

Advantages

  • A large number of open source libraries
  • easy to learn. java was designed to be easy to use and is therefore easy to write, compile, debug, and learn than other programming languages
  • offers APIs for different activities like Database connection, networking, XML parsing, utilities, etc
  • platform-independent
  • Powerful open source Rapid Development tools

Disadvantages

  • The absence of templates can limit you to create high-quality data structures
  • Its takes more memory
  • No Back-up
  • It is slow

Result

Easy to learn.

2.Python

Python was developed in 1991 by  Guido van Rossum.

Mostly usage

Python is mostly used for Web and Internet Development, Scientific and Numeric applications, Desktop GUIs, Business applications. Python is designed with features to facilitate data analysis and visualization.

Advantages

  • Extensive Support Libraries
  • Open Source and Community Development
  • Helps to improve Programmer’s Productivity
  • Productivity and Speed
  • User-friendly Data Structures

Disadvantages

  • Note ideal for Mobile Computing
  • slower than C or C++
  • Python’s database access layer is bit underdeveloped and primitive
  • Runtime Errors
  • not a good choice for memory intensive tasks

Result

Easy to learn

3.C++

C++ was developed in 1983 by  Bjarne Stroustrup

Mostly usage

uses of C++ allows procedural programming for intensive functions of CPU and to provide control over hardware, and this language is very fast because of which it is widely used in developing different games or in gaming engines. C++ mainly used in developing the suites of a game tool.

Advantages

  • No garbage collector is running in the background
  • Memory Management
  • Low-level Manipulation
  • Other programming languages like C, C#, and Java have very similar syntax to C++, make it easy to learn for everyone who knows C++.
  • Large Community Support
  • Multi-paradigm

Disadvantages

  • he object orientation system in C++ is unnecessarily basic compared to other languages
  • Complex in very large high level program
  • For a particular operating system or platform the library set is usually chosen that locks
  • C++ program can’t support garbage collection or Dynamic Memory Allocation

Result

Hard to learn

4.JavaScript

JavaScript was developed in 1995

Mostly usage

Javascript mostly use for web/mobile app development, game development, and desktop app development.

Advantages

  • relatively simple to learn
  •  comparatively fast for the end user
  • No compilation needed
  • Grease monkey support to write snippets of JavaScript which can execute on specific web pages
  • Platform independent

Disadvantages

  • No copy or equal method is available in JavaScript
  • Lack of Debugging Facility
  • interpreted differently by different browsers
  • Rendering Stopped

Result

Easy to learn

5.Swift

Swift was developed in 2010 by apple

Mostly usage

Swift is a compiled programming language for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, and Linux applications. Here’s what you need to know about Swift. Created by Apple in 2014. Backed up by one of the most influential tech companies in the world, Swift is set to become the dominant language for iOS development and beyond.

Advantages

  • Automatic Memory Management feature prevents the memory leaks
  • Less error-prone
  • Supported by Multiple Devices
  • Does not have long code
  • Speedy App Development

Disadvantages

  • As it is a new programming language the pool of Swift developers is very limited
  • Poor interoperability with third-party tools and IDEs.
  • Lack of support for earlier iOS versions

Result

Easy to learn

6.Go

Go was developed in 2009 from google by Robert Griesemer, Ken Thompson, and Rob Pike. It is known as going

Mostly usage

Go or golang mostly use for GUI applications, console utilities, web applications.you can easily design graphics by this programming language.

Advantages

  • optimize code efficiency
  • fast compile
  • check for errors
  • makes programming easy

Disadvantages

  • lack of 3rd party modules
  • it differs a lot from C-based languages
  • new in market
  • Poor Library Support

Result

Difficult to learn

7.Ruby

It was designed and developed in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto in Japan. Ruby is dynamically typed and uses garbage collection. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including procedural, object-oriented, and functional programming.

Mostly usage

Ruby was mainly designed as a general-purpose scripting language, which provides the wide support for the different applications of ruby. It is mainly getting used for a web application, standard libraries, servers, and other system utilities. Ruby has one of the great strength is metaprogramming.

Advantages

  • open source programming language
  •  fewer number of lines of code
  •  simple and fast creation of Web application which results in much fewer efforts

Disadvantages

  • unique coding language which makes it difficult for the programmers to learn it
  • generates the errors at runtime

Result

hard to learn

8.Rust

Rust was developed in 2010 by Graydon Hoare

Mostly usage

Rust is a multi-paradigm system programming language focused on safety, especially safe concurrency. Rust is syntactically similar to C++ but is designed to provide better memory safety while maintaining high performance.

Advantages

  • memory safe
  • can be used in any purpose
  •  fast as C/C++ while it is far safer
  • inbuilt dependency and build management known as Cargo
  • great at concurrent programming

Disadvantages

  • not have the level of monkey patching supported
  • can’t developed code faster
  • tough to compile

Result

Easy to learn

9.Kotlin

Kotlin, The project started in 2010 and was open source from very early on. The first official 1.0 release was in February 2016 by JetBrains.

Mostly usage

Its is mostly usage for android app development.

Advantages

  • more concise
  • more readable
  • easy code

Disadvantages

  • new in market

Result

Easy to learn

10.Elm

Elm was developed in 2012 by Evan Czaplicki

Mostly usage

Elm is a domain-specific programming language for declaratively creating web browser-based graphical user interfaces. Elm is purely functional and is developed with an emphasis on usability, performance, and robustness

Advantages

  • simple to learn
  • safe refactoring
  •  user-friendliness
  • fast compilation
  • minimalist syntax and mainly no runtime errors

Disadvantages

  • new in market
  • not very famous

Result

Easy to learn

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